API

SIP.Session

The class SIP.Session represents a WebRTC media (audio/video) session. It can be initiated by the local user or by a remote peer. Sessions are created via SIP INVITE messages. Sessions also implement one of SIP.ClientContext or SIP.ServerContext, depending on if they are the result of outbound (client) or inbound (server) INVITE requests.

Construction

The Session constructor is intended for internal use only. Instead, outbound Sessions are created through the SIP.UA.invite method. Inbound Sessions are obtained via the SIP.UA invite event callback.

Examples

// Create a new outbound (User Agent Client) Session
var session = myUA.invite('alice@example.com');
// Accept an inbound (User Agent Server) Session
myUA.on('invite', function (session) {
  session.accept();
});

Instance Variables

startTime

Date - Date object indicating the time when the session started. Takes its value at the moment when the accepted event is fired.

endTime

Date - Date object indicating the time when the session ended. Takes its value at the moment when the terminated event was fired.

ua

SIP.UA - Inherited from SIP.ClientContext or SIP.ServerContext.

method

String - The value of method is always "INVITE". Inherited from SIP.ClientContext or SIP.ServerContext.

sessionDescriptionHandler

SIP.WebRTC.SessionDescriptionHandler (default) - To maintain separation of signaling from media, Sessions delegate all media functionality down to a separate SessionDescriptionHandler object. The SessionDescriptionHandler deals with all SDP descriptions, negotiating SDP, gathering ICE candidates, etc.

By default, this object is configured to use WebRTC. When using SIP.js in Node.js, mobile apps, or other platforms, you can define a custom SessionDescriptionHandler using the UA’s sessionDescriptionHandlerFactory configuration parameter.

request

SIP.IncomingRequest or SIP.OutgoingRequest - Inherited from SIP.ClientContext or SIP.ServerContext.

localIdentity

SIP.NameAddrHeader - Inherited from SIP.ClientContext or SIP.ServerContext.

remoteIdentity

SIP.NameAddrHeader - Inherited from SIP.ClientContext or SIP.ServerContext.

data

Object - Empty object for application to define custom data. Inherited from SIP.ClientContext or SIP.ServerContext.

Instance Methods

dtmf(tone[, options])

Send one or multiple DTMF tones making use of SIP INFO method.

Parameters

Name Type Description
tone String or Number One or multiple valid DTMF symbols. Converts Number to String using toString().
options Object Optional Object with extra parameters (see below).
options.extraHeaders Array Optional Array of Strings with extra SIP headers for each INFO request.
options.duration Number Positive decimal Number indicating the duration of the tone expressed in milliseconds. Default value is 100.
options.interToneGap Number Positive decimal Number indicating the interval between two tones expressed in milliseconds. Default value is 500.

Throws

TypeError INVALID_STATE_ERROR

Returns

Type Description
SIP.Session This Session

Example 1

call.dtmf(1);
call.dtmf(4);

Example 2

var tones = '1234#';

var extraHeaders = [ 'X-Foo: foo', 'X-Bar: bar' ];

var options = {
  'duration': 160,
  'interToneGap': 1200,
  'extraHeaders': extraHeaders
};

call.dtmf(tones, options);

terminate([options])

Terminate the current session. Depending on the state of the session, this function may send a CANCEL request, a non-2xx final response, a BYE request, or even no request at all. Different behavior will result in different events being emitted, but they will always result in a final terminated event.

Parameters

Name Type Description
options Object Optional Object with extra parameters (see below).
options.status_code Number The SIP response code that will be used in the upcoming response instead of the default.
options.reason_phrase String The SIP reason phrase.
options.body String represents the SIP message body (in case this parameter is set, a corresponding Content-Type header field must be set in extraHeaders field).
options.extraHeaders Array of Strings Extra SIP headers for the request.

Returns

Type Description
SIP.Session This Session

Throws

TypeError INVALID_STATE_ERROR

bye([options])

Sends a BYE request on a confirmed session.

Parameters

Name Type Description
options Object Optional Object with extra parameters (see below).
options.status_code Number The SIP response code that will be used in the upcoming response instead of the default.
options.reason_phrase String The SIP reason phrase.
options.body String represents the SIP message body (in case this parameter is set, a corresponding Content-Type header field must be set in extraHeaders field).
options.extraHeaders Array of Strings Extra SIP headers for the request.

Throws

TypeError INVALID_STATE_ERROR

hold([options, modifiers])

Parameters

Name Type Description  
  options Object Optional Object with extra parameters (see below)
  options.extraHeaders Array of Strings Optional Array of Strings with extra SIP headers for the INVITE request
  options.anonymous Boolean Boolean field indicating whether the call should be done anonymously. Default value is false
  options.rel100 SIP.C.supported.REQUIRED, SIP.C.supported.SUPPORTED, SIP.C.supported.UNSUPPORTED Optionally declare support or requirement of reliable provisional responses (100rel), as defined in RFC3262. Default is Unsupported.
  options.inviteWithoutSdp Boolean If true, send the INVITE with no SDP offer. In this case, the SDP offer is to be generated by the remote endpoint, and the SDP answer will be sent in an ACK or PRACK. Default is false (send with SDP).
  options.sessionDescriptionHandlerOptions Object Optional Object of options to be passed to the session description handler.
  modifiers Array of Function returning Promise Optional modifiers that will be applied to the incoming or outgoing description.

unhold([options, modifiers])

Parameters

Name Type Description  
  options Object Optional Object with extra parameters (see below)
  options.extraHeaders Array of Strings Optional Array of Strings with extra SIP headers for the INVITE request
  options.anonymous Boolean Boolean field indicating whether the call should be done anonymously. Default value is false
  options.rel100 SIP.C.supported.REQUIRED, SIP.C.supported.SUPPORTED, SIP.C.supported.UNSUPPORTED Optionally declare support or requirement of reliable provisional responses (100rel), as defined in RFC3262. Default is Unsupported.
  options.inviteWithoutSdp Boolean If true, send the INVITE with no SDP offer. In this case, the SDP offer is to be generated by the remote endpoint, and the SDP answer will be sent in an ACK or PRACK. Default is false (send with SDP).
  options.sessionDescriptionHandlerOptions Object Optional Object of options to be passed to the session description handler.
  modifiers Array of Function returning Promise Optional modifiers that will be applied to the incoming or outgoing description.

reinvite([options, modifiers])

Parameters

Name Type Description  
  options Object Optional Object with extra parameters (see below)
  options.extraHeaders Array of Strings Optional Array of Strings with extra SIP headers for the INVITE request
  options.anonymous Boolean Boolean field indicating whether the call should be done anonymously. Default value is false
  options.rel100 SIP.C.supported.REQUIRED, SIP.C.supported.SUPPORTED, SIP.C.supported.UNSUPPORTED Optionally declare support or requirement of reliable provisional responses (100rel), as defined in RFC3262. Default is Unsupported.
  options.inviteWithoutSdp Boolean If true, send the INVITE with no SDP offer. In this case, the SDP offer is to be generated by the remote endpoint, and the SDP answer will be sent in an ACK or PRACK. Default is false (send with SDP).
  options.sessionDescriptionHandlerOptions Object Optional Object of options to be passed to the session description handler.
  modifiers Array of Function returning Promise Optional modifiers that will be applied to the incoming or outgoing description.

refer(target[, options])

Send a REFER request. A REFER occurs when persons A and B have an active call session, and A wants to transfer B to speak with C. This is called a transfer, and these transfers can be attended or blind. An attended transfer occurs when A creates a session with C before connecting B to speak with C. A blind transfer occurs when A causes B to create a session with C, so A and C have no contact.

Parameters

Name Type Description
target String|SIP.Session If a String, the target address to refer the remote party to (Blind Transfer). If a Session object, the target session to refer the remote party to, with Replaces (Attended Transfer)
options Object Optional Object with extra parameters (see below).
options.extraHeaders Array of Strings Extra SIP headers for the request.

Returns

Type Description
SIP.Session This session

Throws

TypeError INVALID_STATE_ERROR

Instance Methods (Outbound/Client)

cancel([options])

Overrides SIP.ClientContext.cancel.

Note that a cancel request will result in the termination of the session, but not immediately. Instead, a CANCEL request will be sent. Depending on the timing of the request, this usually triggers a rejection response (and thus rejected, failed, and terminated events). If the remote end has already accepted the Invite, however, a BYE must be sent, resulting in accepted, bye, and terminated events.

Instance Methods (Inbound/Server)

progress([options])

Overrides SIP.ServerContext.progress. Additional parameters specific to INVITE requests can be specified.

As per RFC 3262, non-100 provisional responses may be transmitted reliably. Support for this is determined by the initial invite request (see the rel100 parameter on ua.invite()). If the INVITE prohibits reliable provisional responses, all responses sent with progress will be transmitted unreliably. Likewise, if the INVITE requires 100rel, all non-100 responses will be sent reliably. If 100rel is supported, reliable transmission is determined by the options.rel100 parameter.

Parameters

Name Type Description  
  options Object Optional Object with extra parameters (see below)
  options.extraHeaders Array of Strings Optional Array of Strings with extra SIP headers for the INVITE request
  options.anonymous Boolean Boolean field indicating whether the call should be done anonymously. Default value is false
  options.rel100 SIP.C.supported.REQUIRED, SIP.C.supported.SUPPORTED, SIP.C.supported.UNSUPPORTED Optionally declare support or requirement of reliable provisional responses (100rel), as defined in RFC3262. Default is Unsupported.

accept([options])

Overrides SIP.ServerContext.accept. Additional parameters specific to INVITE requests can be specified.

Parameters

Name Type Description  
  Destination of the call. String representing a destination, username, a complete SIP URI, or a SIP.URI instance    
  options Object Optional Object with extra parameters (see below)
  options.extraHeaders Array of Strings Optional Array of Strings with extra SIP headers for the INVITE request
  options.anonymous Boolean Boolean field indicating whether the call should be done anonymously. Default value is false
  options.rel100 SIP.C.supported.REQUIRED, SIP.C.supported.SUPPORTED, SIP.C.supported.UNSUPPORTED Optionally declare support or requirement of reliable provisional responses (100rel), as defined in RFC3262. Default is Unsupported.
  options.inviteWithoutSdp Boolean If true, send the INVITE with no SDP offer. In this case, the SDP offer is to be generated by the remote endpoint, and the SDP answer will be sent in an ACK or PRACK. Default is false (send with SDP).
  options.sessionDescriptionHandlerOptions Object Optional Object of options to be passed to the session description handler.

reject([options])

Overrides SIP.ServerContext.reject

reply([options])

Overrides SIP.ServerContext.reply

Events

The SIP.Session class defines a series of events. Each of them allows a callback function to be defined in order to let the user execute a handler for each given stimulus.

Every event handler is executed with a SIP.Event instance as the only argument.

progress

Fired each time a provisional (100-199) response is received.

on('progress', function (response) {})

Name Type Description
response SIP.IncomingResponse The received response

accepted

Fired each time a successful final (200-299) response is received.

on('accepted', function (data) {})

Outbound sessions emit accepted with the following parameters:

Name Type Description
data Object A wrapper object containing the event data
data.code Number The status code of the received response, between 200 and 299.
data.response SIP.IncomingResponse The received response

Inbound sessions do not currently provide any parameters when emitting the accepted event. Track this bug on GitHub.

rejected

Fired each time an unsuccessful final (300-699) response is received. Note: This will also emit a failed event, followed by a terminated event.

on('rejected', function (response, cause) {})

Name Type Description
response SIP.IncomingResponse The received response
cause String The reason phrase associated with the SIP response code.

failed

Fired when the request fails, whether due to an unsuccessful final response or due to timeout, transport, or other error. This event will only be emitted by Sessions which have not yet been accepted. After acceptance, look for a bye event instead, or listen for terminated in all cases.

Note: This will also emit a terminated event.

on('failed', function (response, cause) {})

Name Type Description
response SIP.IncomingResponse The received response. On a failure not due to a SIP message, this will be null.
cause String The reason phrase associated with the SIP response code, or one of Failure and End Causes.

terminated

Fired when the session is destroyed, whether before or after it has been accepted.

The terminated event is a catch-all event of sorts. Whether the Session has been explicitly rejected, failed due to technical issues, or ended with a BYE request, a terminated event will always be fired.

Please note: The terminated event in 0.6.x versions does not always behave as you would expect. This was fixed in 0.7.0, so be careful when migrating.

Note: In 0.7.0, the message and cause arguments are emitted as parameters on a single object. 0.7.1 and beyond will unwrap the arguments into the signature used here.

on('terminated', function(message, cause) {})

Name Type Description
message Object SIP.IncomingResponse instance of the received SIP response that caused the termination, if there was one.
cause   One value of Failure and End Causes, if there was one.

cancel

Fired when the session was canceled by the client. Note that this will not be immediately followed by a rejected, failed, or terminated event. Depending on the timing of the cancel, it may trigger a rejection response or the session may be accepted and immediately terminated. In those cases, the rejected and failed or bye event will be emitted as expected, and the terminated event will then follow.

on('cancel', function() {})

There are no documented arguments for this event

refer

Fired when a REFER is received, and the user would like to handle the transfer at the application level. To have SIP.js automatically follow the refer, use the session.followRefer(callback) function.

on('refer', function(request) {})

Name Type Description
request SIP.IncomingRequest Instance of the received SIP REFER request.

on('refer', session.followRefer(callback))

Name Type Description
callback function(request, newSession) Callback function to be called after the refer is followed.
request SIP.IncomingRequest Instance of the received SIP REFER request.
newSession SIP.Session The Session created by following the REFER

replaced

Fired when an INVITE with Replaces has caused this session to end and be replaced by a new session. Use this event to clean up the old session and associate any UI elements seamlessly with the new session. This fires immediately before the session is terminated and the new session is accepted.

on('replaced', function (newSession) {})

Name Type Description
newSession SIP.Session The new session replacing this one.

dtmf

Fired for an incoming or outgoing DTMF.

.on('dtmf', function(request, dtmf) {})

Name Type Description
request SIP.IncomingRequest Instance of the received SIP INFO request.
dtmf SIP.Session.DTMF DTMF instance.

bye

Fired when a BYE is sent or received. Note: A BYE request will also cause a terminated event to be emitted.

on('bye', function(request) {})

Name Type Description
request SIP.IncomingRequest Instance of the received SIP BYE request.